Tuesday, 7 November 2017

Pregnancy and Drugs

By Lorena Correa (7th Semester Social Communication student, level 4 English)

Using drugs during pregnancy can cause serious problems for the baby, as they can be born with abnormalities or die before birth. In addition, this can cause damage to the baby in its formation in the uterus and its growth can cause addiction.

However, women should not be judged to be using toxic substances and may cause harm to themselves and their babies. Therefore, the mother should have a healthy gestation process, and avoid the use of drugs in pregnancy.

The damage that the baby can have through each toxic substance is severe, because at birth it appears to be healthy. Each substance produces a different reaction to the baby. The most common drugs babies are exposed to are marijuana, cocaine, heroin, alcohol, tobacco, and crack.

The consequences that babies have after their mothers consume toxic substances while they are pregnant, when the baby is exposed to marijuana or cocaine, the contraindications that occur are lack of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, this causes the child to be born with learning disabilities and attention disorders. Also, when they are born, they tend to be much smaller and lighter in weight and size than a healthy baby would be.

Other consequences that exist, is that with heroin the little ones develop the addiction since they are in the belly. These babies have withdrawal, irritability, tremors, abnormal movements, and poor self-control.

If we talk about the most common and legal drugs such as alcohol and tobacco, it can be said that the harms recorded in babies range from severe mental retardation, lack of concentration, delayed speech, hearing or seeing problems. It also decreases fetal respiratory movements, alters heart rate, and poses an increased risk of premature birth and miscarriage.

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